Fire doors help protect property and save lives in the event of an emergency. Faulty, damaged or inoperable fire doors can lead to tragic losses to both property and personnel. We provide your facility's ongoing compliance with NFPA 80 section requirements.
An annual Fire Door Inspection and Drop Test is required to ensure that your fire doors will close automatically in the case of a fire emergency. National Fire Protection Association standards NFPA 80 require business owners and property managers to have their rolling and sliding fire doors inspected and tested at a minimum once a year. Written documentation of these inspections and tests are to be kept.
5.2.1 Fire door assemblies shall be inspected and tested not less than annually, and a written record of the inspection shall be signed and kept for inspection by the AHJ.
220.127.116.11 As an alternate means of compliance with 5.2.1, subject to the AHJ, fire door assemblies shall be permitted to be inspected, tested, and maintained under a written performance based program.
18.104.22.168 Goals established under a performance-based program shall provide assurance that the fire door assembly will perform its intended function when exposed to fire conditions.
22.214.171.124 Technical justification for inspection, testing, and maintenance intervals shall be documented.
126.96.36.199 The performance-based option shall include historical data acceptable to the AHJ.
188.8.131.52 Functional testing of fire door and window assemblies shall be performed by individuals with knowledge and understanding of the operating components of the type of door being subject to testing.
184.108.40.206 Before testing, a visual inspection shall be performed to identify any damaged or missing parts that can create a hazard during testing or affect operation or resetting.
220.127.116.11 Fire door assemblies shall be visually inspected from both sides to assess the overall condition of door assembly.
18.104.22.168 The following items shall be verified:
- No open holes or breaks exist in surfaces of either the door or frame.
- Slats, endlocks, bottom bar, guide assembly, curtain entry hood, and flame baffle are correctly installed and intact.
- Glazing, vision light frames, and glazing beads are intact and securely fastened in place, if so equipped.
- Curtain, barrel, and guides are aligned, level, plumb, and true.
- Expansion clearance is maintained in accordance with manufacturer's listing.
- Drop release arms and weights are not blocked or wedged.
- Mounting and assembly bolts are intact and secured.
- Attachments to jambs are with bolts, expansion anchors, or as otherwise required by the listing.
- Smoke detectors, if equipped, are installed and operational.
- No parts are missing or broken.
- Fusible links, if equipped, are in the location; chain/cable, s-hooks, eyes, and so forth, are in good condition (i.e., no kinked or pinched cable, no twisted or inflexible chain); and links are not painted or coated with dust or grease.
- Auxiliary hardware items that interfere or prohibit operation are not installed on the door or frame.
- No field modifications to the door assembly have been performed that void the label.
22.214.171.124.3 When the annual test for proper operation and full closure is conducted, rolling steel fire doors shall be drop tested twice.
126.96.36.199.4 The first test shall be to check for proper operation and full closure.
188.8.131.52.5 A second test shall be done to verify that the automatic-closing device has been reset correctly.
184.108.40.206 Any breaks in the face covering of doors shall be repaired immediately.
220.127.116.11 Where a fire door, frame, or any part of its appurtenances is damaged to the extent that it could impair the door's proper emergency function, the following actions shall be performed:
- The fire door, frame, door assembly, or any part of its appurtenances shall be repaired with labeled parts or parts obtained from the original manufacturer.
- The door shall be tested to ensure emergency operation and closing upon completion of the repairs.
18.104.22.168.1 If repairs cannot be made with labeled components or parts obtained from the original manufacturer or retrofitted in accordance with Section 5.3, the fire door frame, fire door assembly, or appurtenances shall be replaced.
* Reprinted with permission from NFPA 80-2010, Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, Copyright© 2009, National Fire Protection Association. This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of the NFPA on the referenced subject, which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.